|Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (1745-1827) was the great antagonist of Galvani, and his efforts to refute the theory of animal electricity later resulted in his invention of the voltaic pile, the first electric battery. The term volt, a unit of electrical measurement, is named in his honor.|
In his pursuit of the current generated by his primitive batteries, Volta developed several new devices. He invented the electrophore, a forerunner of the capacitor; the condensatore, a device that detected weak electrical current; and the straw electrometer, a meteorology tool which measured atmospheric electricity.
In 1801, Volta was summoned to Paris to demonstrate his discovery before the Academy of Sciences. Napoleon declared his presentation a triumph, awarded him a gold medal and initiated the annual Volta Prize in his honor. History does not reveal whether he also received the traditional kiss on both cheeks.
Daniell | Grove | LeBlanc | Nernst | Cottrell | Heyrovskı
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